بایگانی دسته: search

یازده ایده برای حقیقت جویی که از فرانسیس بیکن می توان آموخت

” …I found in my own nature special adaptation for the contemplation of truth.

For I had a mind at once versatile enough for that most important object, I mean [1]the recognition of similitudes and at the same time sufficiently steady and concentrated [2]for the observation of subtle shades of difference.

[3]I possessed the passion for research,

[4]a power of suspending judgement with patience,

[5]of meditating with pleasure,

[6]of assenting with caution,

[7]of correcting false impressions with readiness,

[8]and of arranging my thoughts with scrupulous pains.

[9]I had no hankering after novelty,

[10]no blind admiration for antiquity.

[11]Imposture in any shape I utterly detested.

For all these reasons I considered that my nature and disposition had as it were, a kind of kinship and connection with truth.”

Franics Bacon

 

برای استاد شدن در حقیقت جویی هم دو راه بیشتر وجود ندارد. تمرین کردن یازده ایده فرانسیس بیکن یکی از آنها می تواند باشد. راه دیگر قسم خوردن است.

Beyond google

Recently I came across two Search engines which are unique and noticeable. The first one is Wolframalpha.com, a computational knowledge engine it claims. You can ask many scientific questions on this website and get a direct answer on one page instead of receiving gooooooooooogles of result pages and having to find your real answer through. Your question should be somehow scientific and specific and the engine is pretty good with numbers, statistics and probability. You can ask questions like:

What was the weather in London on the day Prince William was born?

Price of Nike stock on the day Wayne Rooney was born

Total length of all roads in Spain

10 smallest countries by area

I challenged Mr. Wolfram’s engine a little bit more by searching the word knowledge, this is the answer I got:
“the psychological Result of perception and learning and reasoning”

And then I looked up “computational knowledge”, I got:
“that which I endeavor to compute”

And then “computational knowledge engine”, the answer:
“an engine that generates Output by doing computations From it’s own Internal knowledge base instead of searching the web and returning links.”

Next time you find yourself looking up a fact or computational knowledge! make sure you visit WolframAlpha.com too.

The second website is called Quora.com. I like this one better. It’s a well designed web 2.0 question/answer website or I should say question engine and of course tag enabled. The best thing about a question engine is that it helps you find a lot of good questions when you don’t know what to ask and you know this happens a lot!

This was my first experience on Quora:

I entered “coaching” in the box, it gave me a bunch of questions, I selected
“What are the differences between a coach and a mentor?” this question was tagged by Leadership, coaching, learning and mentoring. I clicked learning and of course more questions. This time I selected “what are the emerging alternatives to universities”

One of the answers suggested iTunes university which I totally agree but I think “search” is the best teacher and also the best university.

Context

The late Harvard professor Alan Watts, in a lecture on Eastern philosophy, used the following analogy to introduce the subject of context:

“ If I draw a circle, most people, when asked what I have drawn, will say I have drawn a circle or a disc, or a ball.  Very few people will say I’ve drawn a hole in the wall, because most people think of the inside first, rather than thinking of the outside.  But actually these two sides go together—you cannot have what is ‘in here’ unless you have what is ‘out there. ‘ ”

A similar reaction occurs when we hear the word “search. ” We tend to think inside the box. We forget that the search “in here” is made possible by the structure “out there. ” Every little search box you find yourself typing in, is like the hole in the wall. It’s always helpful if you consider the context of your search.

کاری است هم لذت بخش، هم پرسود و هم کم هزینه

جستجو از آن کارهایی است که می تواند بسیار لذت بخش باشد و اگر این کار را با یک کامپیوتر متصل به اینترنت انجام دهید، بر خلاف انواع دیگر جستجو مانند جستجو در آبهای قطب شمال، بی خطر و کم هزینه هم خواهد بود. البته منظور من در اینجا گشت و گذار بر روی اینترنت نیست.
بیشتر ما از اختصاص وقت روزانه خود به فعالیتهای مختلف مثل رفت و آمد، خوردن و خوابیدن خبر داریم و برای کارهای مختلفی مانند کلاس زبان یا ورزش هم به شکل فعال برنامه ریزی می کنیم. ولی واقعا چند نفر فعالانه برای جستجو برنامه ریزی می کنند و وقت خود را آگاهانه به آن اختصاص می دهند؟ مثلا تا حالا از کسی شنیده اید که هفته ای پنج ساعت جستجو کند؟ روزی یک سؤال نو بپرسد؟ ماهی یک چیز جدید کشف کند؟
برای جستجو کردن هیچکدام از موارد زیر لازم نیست؟
اجازه
دستور
پول
زندگی در فرنگ
آسمان آبی
وقت فراوان
شرط لازم و کافی برای جستجو واکتشاف در این دنیای به هم چسبیده امروزی شاید یک چیز بیشتر نباشد:
کنجکاوی

search for truth, from aporia to ataraxia

Se–tus Empiricus ( I don’t want to get my blog filtered because of the beautiful name of a Greek philosopher!) has the honour of being the first philosopher to define dogmatikos in his book “Outlines of Pyrrhonism” as:

“one who in philosophical investigations believes that he has discovered the truth”
Scepticism which had been born centuries before Empiricus, was rediscovered and articulated beatifully by him in the late second century A.D.:

The original sceptic was a strong-minded philosopher who wanted to get at the truth, as a way of settling the discrepancies or disagreements which troubled him in his experience of the world. As a result of his investigations he found that he was faced not only with conflicting appearances but also with conflicting appearances of equal weight; his inability to adjudicate between them resulted in his suspending judgement, and this turned out to give him what he had been looking for all along—freedom from disturbance(ataraxia).
The crucial notions in this account are:
  1. Disturbance or aporia in the face of conflicting appearances.
  2. Philosophical investigation of them.
  3. Attempts to settle the discrepancies by adjudicating between them.
  4. Discovering the reason why they cannot be settled, that is, the equal weight of the conflicting  appearances.
  5. suspension of judgement as the cure for the initial disturbance or aporia.
Empiricus considers three basic approaches to epistemology:
  • The “dogmatists” assert that truth is discoverable.
  • The “academics” deny that truth is discoverable. (there is a good overlap between dogmatists and academics in our day and age!)
  • The “sceptics” suspend judgment and continue to search for conditions under which truth may be discovered.
Maybe the world needs more sceptics to get rid of more disturbances.
Maybe the world needs more maybe.
Maybe.